5 facts you should know about women who shaped modern physics

Shohini Ghose theoretical physicist has two great ambitious which are first, physics and the second, advocating for gender equity in the sciences. There are few women in physics and fewer women who says Ghose. The recent laws of physics itself neutral gender and the universe beauty is equally accessible to everyone. What the reason of the few women and in which way can we change that?

Newly, Ghose has been asked to participate five of her favorite facts of women contribution to physics. Here they are:

  1. Maria Curie won two Nobel prizes the first prize was in 1903 she won it because of her studies of radioactivity also she liked to share it with her husband and other discoverer Henri Bequerel. The second prize she won it in 1911 in chemistry for her discovery and studies of radium and polonium.
  2. There were two women only who won the Nobel prize in physics the first winner is Maria Curie and her team the second winner is Maria Goeppert Mayer she won it in 1963 for her structure model of the atomic nucleus.
  3. Austrian physicist Lise Meitner who explained the process of nuclear fission. She was looking forward for the Nobel Committee but instead of that she awarded Meitner’s colleague Otto Hahn the prize in 1944.
  4. German mathematician Emmy Noether she is a creative mathematical genius that is what  the physician Albert Einstein  called her. Her Theorem is a essential idea of modern physics is built. In 1918 it was published.
  5. Cecilia Payne-Gaposchkin she’s British astronomer and astrophysicist established the universe are all composed mostly of hydrogen. Later she became the first woman to chair department (astronomy) at Harvard.

 

 

 

 

 

New learned words

  • Neutral:Definition: Not taking part or giving assistance in a dispute or war between others.
    1. Example: The arbitrator was absolutely neutral.
    2. Part of speech: Adjective.
  • Radioactivity:Definition: The phenomenon, exhibited by and being a property of certain elements.
    1. Example: Seafloor reactor sites and surrounding waters are periodically tested for radioactivity levels.
    2. Part of speech: Noun.
  • Radium:Definition: A lustrous rayon or silk fabric constructed in plain weave and used in women’s apparel, lining, and drapery.
    1. Example: Discovered that uranium emits radiation naturally, and isolated two new radioactive elements-polonium and radium.
    2. Part of speech: Noun.
  • Polonium:Definition: A radioactive element discovered by Pierre and Marie Curie in 1898; Symbol: Po; atomic number: 84; atomic weight: about 210.
    1. Example: Polonium haloes have only ever been found along cracks in rock.
    2. Part of speech: Noun.
  • Fission:Definition: The division of an organism into new organisms as a process of reproduction.
    1. Example: In the photo above, one desmid is splitting into two by a process called fission.
    2. Part of speech: Noun.
  • Astrophysicist:Definition: the branch of physics concerned with the physical of the celestial bodies. 
    1. Example:
    2. Part of speech: Noun.
  • Hydrogen:Definition: A colorless, odorless, flammable gas that combines chemically with oxygen to form water.
    1. Example: Hydrogen peroxide is a liquid commonly used to fight germs.
    2. Part of speech: Noun.
  • Universe:Definition: The whole world, especially with reference to humanity. 
  1. Example: A truth known throughout the universe.
  2. Part of speech: Noun.

http://ideas.ted.com/5-facts-you-should-know-about-women-who-shaped-modern-physics/

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